Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Cancer Control

Cancer is a problem affecting millions of Americans each year. Many forms of cancer can be prevented through a healthy lifestyle and regular screenings. Common cancers that affect men are prostate, lung, and colon cancer. Breast, lung and colon cancers are the most common among women. Skin cancer is one of the most easily preventable forms of cancer and is common among both men and women.

Screenings can help prevent cancer deaths by detecting abnormalities early in the process. Women over the age of 40 should plan to have a mammogram every one to two years to help in the early detection of breast cancer. Prostate cancer screenings can likewise be beneficial in the early detection.

Prostate cancer screenings produce many false positives, which can lead to incorrect treatment plans and anxiety. Talk to your doctor about the recommendations for prostate cancer screenings. Lung cancer screenings such as CAT scans and x-rays can help to detect lung cancer earlier. Colorectal cancer, also known as colon cancer, can be also be detected earlier by screenings. These should begin by the age of 50 or earlier if other symptoms are present. Colorectal screenings can help detect polyps (abnormal growths) in the intestine before they become cancerous.

Lung cancer can be prevented by not smoking. Second-hand smoke can also cause lung cancer, so refrain from spending time in areas where smoke is present. Some vaccines may help prevent certain cancers. The HPV vaccine can help prevent the human papillomavirus infection which can cause cervical cancer. The hepatitis B vaccine can help prevent liver cancer resulting from hepatitis B infection.

Skin cancer can be prevented by exercising caution when exposed to UV (ultra violet) rays, in both summer and winter months. Using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and staying in the shade during the hottest time of the day can all help prevent skin cancer.

Some cancers can be entirely prevented through various behaviors. Seeking regular medical care, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, and eating healthy can all help to prevent cancer as well as other diseases such as diabetes and obesity.

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